Chess rules have been evolving ever since the game was created in India, around 15 centuries ago. Nowadays the rules of chess are standardized. So, how do you play chess? The rules of the game are nothing complicated if you try to study them for a while.
The game of chess is played on a board with 64 checkered squares, 32 of one colour and 32 of another, on an 8×8 grid. The chess pieces are set on opposite ends. They are the 8 pawns, 2 rooks, 2 knights, 2 bishops, the queen and the king – on each side. That makes a total of 32 pieces on the board at the start of the game.
So, most chess games start with the advance of a pawn. The pawn moves one space vertically towards the opposite end from where it’s originally standing at the start of the game. There are some special rules regarding the pawns – more on them later. The rook can move both horizontally and vertically. The night moves in a unique way – two squares vertically and one horizontally, or two squares horizontally and one vertically – and it’s the only piece in the game that can “jump” over other pieces. Every other piece is restricted by the positioning of other pieces. And every piece captures in the direction that it moves – except the pawn.
The goal in the game of chess, as most of you already know, is to mate the king of your opponent. You do this by setting up an attack by which the king of the opposite team won’t be able to move anywhere and not be captured by you. The game ends and you’re the winner – it doesn’t matter if the opponent is overpowering you by having a lot bigger army than you do at the moment. And this is the core, and art of chess – setting up attacks and defence so that you can outwit your opponent and capture their king. There is one other possibility of the end of the game – and it’s in a draw. This is a case when you and your opponent agree that none of you has an advantage in the game and you decide to call it a draw – or if there is no remaining option to take the opponent’s king, or if the king is the only piece that’s able to move, but can’t move – even though it isn’t under attack.
There are a few special rules. There’s a combination called the castle in which the rook swaps places with the king so that the two rooks get connected, and the king gets better protection. The pawn captures diagonally – not vertically. There’s a rule in which you can either pick to advance the pawn initially by one square, or two squares. And there’s the en passant rule, a special rule regarding the taking of pawns – but for basic chess, chances are that you won’t be using this rule. Also, if a pawn reaches the opposite end of the table from where it starts – it will get promoted to another piece of your choice. You lose the pawn, but you can get another much more powerful piece in its turn – most people opt for the queen in such a case.
And these are the basic rules of chess. If you can work your way towards learning them, then you will be able to enjoy this game with your friends. But while the rules are simple – their implementation is not, and you will need to dedicate a long time and a lot of effort in order to master chess.